Tag Archives: Patna

Remember The Legendary-Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal

18 Jun

B. P. Mandal was raised in the village of Murho, in the Madhepura District (formerly Saharsa District) of northern Bihar. B. P. Mandal received his early education in Madhepura and he attended Raj High School in Darbhanga. He matriculated at Patna College in the 1930s and worked as an Honorary Magistrate from 1945 to 1951. B. P. Mandal and his wife, Sita Mandal, were survived by five sons and two daughters. The third son, Maninder Kumar Mandal, and his son Nikhil Mandal in national and state politics.

B. P. Mandal was the son of Ras Behari Lal Mandal, a wealthy zamindar. According to local legend, his father raised the demand for Indian independence at the 1911 Delhi Durbar. Ras Behari Lal Mandal later made his contribution as founder of All India Gope Jatiya (Yadav) Mahasabha and was one of the few zamindars who laid the foundation of Indian National Congress in Bihar. His eldest son Bhubneshwari Prasad Mandal became Member of Bihar-Orissa Legislative Council in 1924 and was Chairman of Local Board, Bhagalpur till his death in 1948. Ras Behari Lal Mandal’s second son, the British arrested Kamleshwari Prasad Mandal along with Jai Prakash Narain and others and lodged in Hazaribagh Central Jail , and became M.L.C. in Bihar in 1937. B. P. Mandal was the youngest of the three sons of Ras Behari Babu.

His political career began with the Indian National Congress but he joined the Janata Party after the Emergency Period. Later in his political career, B.P. Mandal gravitated toward socialist political ideas and he eventually joined the Samyukta Socialist Party. B. P. Mandal became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1967-68 for a short period before his Government was pulled down by supporting Congress Party for not rewinding the Commission appointed to ask into allegations of corruption against Congress leaders during previous government.

Mr B. P. Mandal was a Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha for the state of Bihar from 1967 to 1970 and 1977 to 1979. He was also the Chief Minister of Bihar for forty-eight days in 1968, a period of intense political instability (his predecessor was Chief Minister for only three days). In December 1978, Prime Minister Morarji Desai appointed a five member civil rights commission under the chairmanship of B. P. Mandal. The commission’s report was completed in 1980 and recommended that a significant proportion of all government and educational places be reserved for applicants from the Other Backward Classes. The commission’s report was tabled indefinitely by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A decade later, Prime Minister V. P. Singh implemented the recommendations of the Mandal Report.

The Government of India issued a stamp in honor of B. P. Mandal in 2001. A college named in his honor, B. P. Mandal Engineering College, was founded in 2007.

Multistar Shatrughan Sinha

15 Jun

Mr Shatrughan Sinha was born in Patna, Bihar. He completed graduation in Patna Science College. He is an alumnus of the Film and Television Institute of India Pune. Currently there’s a scholorship being awarded on his name in the institute to Diploma students. He moved to Bombay(Now Called Mumbai), where he started his career in the Bollywood.

Mr Shatrughan Sinha came to Bombay, after getting Diploma in acting from Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. His first opportunity was playing a Pakistani Military Officer in Dev Anand’s Prem Pujari. Subsequently he got a small role of a police inspector in Mohan Sehgal’s Sajan in 1969. The release of the Prem Pujari was delayed, so his first released film was Sajan. He played supporting roles in many films before appearing in Gulzar’s Mere Apne in 1971. He later appeared in Dulal Guha’s “Dost” in 1974 and in Kalicharan in 1976.

Mr Shatrughan Sinha was selected by Rediff.com as one of the most unconventional actors in Hindi Cinema (the others being Ajay Devgan, Amitabh Bachchan, Irfan Khan, Rajnikant, Shahrukh Khan, and Sunil Shetty). In 2008, he joined as a judge for The Great Indian Laughter Challenge show, Season 4 on STAR One TV. On 3 October 2009, Shatrughan Sinha appeared on Sony Entertainment Television Asia Show Dus Ka Dum Season 2 as host for a special episode. He is hosting Bhojpuri version of the popular game show “Kaun Banega Crorepati” on Mahuaa channel. The show is named as “Ke Bani Crorepati”.

Mr Shatrughan Sinha won the Indian general election from Patna Sahib in Bihar. He defeated another cinema celebrity Shekhar Suman. Out of a total of 552,293 votes polled, Mr Sinha received 316,472 votes. He become a cabinet minister with the Government of India in the 13th Lok Sabha, holding two portfolios, the department of Health and Family Welfare (Jan 2003-May 2004), and the department of shipping (August 2004). He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. As of May 2006, he was been appointed as the head of the BJP Culture and Arts Department.

He is awarded by
* 1973 – Bengal Film Journalists’ Association Awards – Best Supporting Actor for ‘Tanhai’.
* 2003 – “Pride of the Film Industry” at the Stardust Awards 2003.
* 2003 – Stardust Award for Lifetime Achievement. * 2007 – National Kishore Kumar Samman.
* 2011 – Zee Cine Award for Lifetime Achievement.
He has also received a Special Award for “contribution in Indian Cinema” at the Kalakar Awards.
He is Nominated also in
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Supporting Actor–Paras (1971)
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Supporting Actor–Dost (1974)
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Supporting Actor–Kaala Pathar (1979)
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Actor–Dostana (1980)

Real Classic Hero Bharat Ratna “Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan Ji”

13 Jun

Jayprakash Narayan Ji was born in Sitabdiara village of Saran District(Now Called Chapra) in Bihar. In his Childhood, he had many pets. One day, his pigeon died and he did not take food for two days. His father Harsudayal posted as a junior official in the canal department of the State government and was often touring the region. Jayaprakash Ji, called Baul affectionately, was left with his grandmother to study in Sitabdiara. There was no high school in the village, Then Jayaprakash Ji went to Patna to study in the Collegiate School. He excelled in school. His essay, “The present state of Hindi in Bihar”, won a best essay award. He entered the Patna College on a Government scholarship. In October, 1920 Jayaprakash married Prabhavati Devi, a independence activist in her own right and a staunch disciple of Kasturba Gandhi. Prabhavati was the daughter of lawyer and nationalist Brij Kishore Prasad, one of the first Gandhians in Bihar and one who played a major role in Gandhi’s campaign in Champaran. She often held opinions which were not in agreement with JP’s views, but Narayan Ji respected her independence. On Gandhiji’s invitation, she stayed at his Sabarmati Ashram while Jayaprakash Ji continued his studies.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji joined Bihar Vidyapeeth discovered by Dr. Rajendra Prasad for motivating young meritorious youths and was among the first students of eminent Gandhian Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha, a close colleague of M. K. Gandhi who later became first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar. In 1922, Narayan Ji went to the United States, where he worked to support his studies in political science, sociology and economics at the University of California, Berkeley, University of Iowa, University of Wisconsin–Madison and Ohio State University. He adopted Marxism while studying at the University of Wisconsin–Madison under sociologist Edward A. Ross; he was also deeply influenced by the writings of M. N. Roy. Financial constraints and his mother’s health forced him to abandon his wish of earning a PhD. He became acquainted with Rajani Palme Dutt and other revolutionaries in London on his way back to India.

After returning to India, Narayan Ji joined the Indian National Congress on the invitation of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1929; M. K. Gandhi became his mentor in the Congress. He shared the same house at kadam kuan in Patna with his close friend and nationalist Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha). with whom he shared the most cordial and lasting friendship. During the Indian independence movement he was arrested, jailed, and tortured several times by the British. He won particular fame during the Quit India movement.

After being jailed in 1932 for civil disobedience against British rule, Narayan Ji was imprisoned in Nasik Jail, where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Yusuf Desai and other national leaders. After his release, the Congress Socialist Party, or (CSP), a left-wing group within the Congress, was formed with Acharya Narendra Deva as President and Narayan Ji as General secretary.

During the Quit India Movement of 1942, when senior Congress leaders were arrested in the early stages, JP, Lohia and Basawon Singh (Sinha) were at the forefront of the agitations. Leaders such as Jayaprakash Narayan Ji and Aruna Asaf Ali were described as “the political children of Gandhi but recent students of Karl Marx.” He was also a great advocate of corelation “SAHJEEVAN”

Initially a defender of physical force, Narayan Ji was won over to Gandhi’s place on nonviolence and advocated the use satyagrahas to make the ideals of democratic socialism. Furthermore, he became deeply disillusioned with the practical experience of socialism in Nehru’s India.

After independence and the death of Mahatma Gandhi, Narayan Ji, Acharya Narendra Dev and Basawon Singh (Sinha) led the CSP out of Congress to become the opposition Socialist Party, which later took the name Praja Socialist Party. Basawon Singh (Sinha) became the first leader of the opposition in the state and assembly of Bihar and Acharya Narendra Deva became the first leader of opposition in the state and assembly of U.P. His party is the first national party who distributed tickets on caste line. This was the point where Jayaprakash Narayan Ji disagreed with the party principles and pursued Sarvodey and Lokniti.

On April 19, 1954, Narayan Ji announced in Gaya that he was dedicating his life to Vinoba Bhave’s Sarvodaya movement and its Bhoodan campaign, which promoted distributing land to Harijans. He gave up his land, set up an ashram in Hazaribagh, and worked towards uplifting the village. In 1957, Narayan Ji formally broke with the Praja Socialist Party to pursue lokniti [Polity of the people], as opposed to rajniti [Polity of the state]. By this time, Narayan Ji had become convinced that lokniti should be non-partisan to build a consensus-based, classless, participatory democracy which he termed Sarvodaya. Narayan Ji became an important figure in the India-wide network of Gandhian Sarvodaya workers.

In 1964, Narayan Ji was vilified across the political spectrum for arguing in an article in the Hindustan Times that India had a responsibility to keep its promise to allow self-determination to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. He hit back at critics in a second article, dismissing the Indian version of the “domino theory” which held that the rest of India’s states would disintegrate if Kashmir were allowed its promised freedom. In his graceful if old-fashioned style, Narayan Ji ridiculed the premise that “the states of India are held together by force and not by the sentiment of a common nationality. It is an assumption that makes a mockery of the Indian Nation and a tyrant of the Indian State”.

Narayan Ji returned to prominence in State politics in the late 1960s. In 1974, he led the student’s movement in the state of Bihar which gradually developed into a popular people’s movement known as the Bihar movement. It was during this movement that JP gave a call for peaceful Total Revolution Together with V. M. Tarkunde, he founded the Citizens for Democracy in 1974 and the People’s Union for Civil Liberties in 1976, both NGOs, to uphold and defend civil liberties.

When Indira Gandhi was found guilty of violating electoral laws by the Allahabad High Court, Narayan Ji called for Indira to resign, and advocated a program of social transformation which he termed Sampoorna kraanti [Total Revolution]. Instead she proclaimed a national Emergency on the midnight of June 25, 1975, immediately after Narayan Ji had called for the PM’s resignation and had asked the military and the police to disregard unconstitutional and immoral orders; JP, opposition leaders, and dissenting members of her own party (the ‘Young Turks’) were arrested on that day.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji attracted a gathering of 100,000 people at the Ramlila Ground and thunderously recited Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar”s wonderfully evocative poetry: Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai.

Narayan Ji was kept as detenu at Chandigarh even after he had asked for a month’s parole for mobilising relief in areas of Bihar gravely affected by flood. His health suddenly deteriorated on October 24, and he was released on November 12; diagnosis at Jaslok Hospital, Bombay, revealed kidney failure; he would be on dialysis for the rest of his life. After Indira revoked the emergency on January 18, 1977 and announced elections, it was under JP’s guidance that the Janata Party (a vehicle for the broad spectrum of the anti-Indira Gandhi opposition) was formed. The Janata Party was voted into power, and became the first non-Congress party to form a government at the Centre. On the call of Narayan Ji many youngesters joined the J P movement.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji died on 8 October 1979; but a few months before that, in March 1979, his death was erroneously announced by the Indian prime minister to the parliament as he lay fighting for his life in Jaslok Hospital, causing a brief wave of national mourning, including the suspension of parliament and regular radio broadcasting, and closure of schools and shops. When he was told about the gaffe a few weeks later, he smiled.

He’s awarded by: Bharat Ratna, 1999, Rashtrabhushan Award of FIE Foundation, Ichalkaranji

Does Anyone Know The Famous Mathematician Aryabhatta Belongs To Bihar?

10 Jun

Aryabhatta (476-550 A.D.) was born in Patliputra in Magadha, modern Patna in Bihar. Many are of the view that he was born in the south of India especially Kerala and lived in Magadha at the time of the Gupta rulers; time which is known as the golden age of India. There is no evidence that he was born outside Patliputra and traveled to Magadha, the centre of education and learning for his studies where he even set up a coaching centre. His first name “Arya” is hardly a south Indian name while “Bhatt” (or Bhatta) is a typical north Indian name even found today specially among the great “Bania” (or trader) community of Bihar.

Whatever this origin, it cannot be argued that he lived in Patliputra where he wrote his famous treatise the “Aryabhatta-siddhanta” but more famously the “Aryabhatiya”, the only work to have survived. It has mathematical and astronomical theories that have been revealed to be quite correct in modern mathematics. For instance he wrote that if 4 is added to 100 and then multiplied by 8 then added to 62,000 then divided by 20,000 the answer will be equal to the circumference of a circle of diameter twenty thousand. This calculates to 3.1416 close to the real value Pi (3.14159). But his greatest contribution has to be zero. His other works include algebra, arithmetic, trigonometry, quadratic equations and the sine table.

He already knew that the earth spins on its axis, the earth moves round the sun and the moon rotates round the earth. He talks about the position of the planets with its movement around the sun. He refers to the light of the planets and the moon as reflection from the sun. He goes as far as to explain the eclipse of the moon and the sun, day and night, the contours of the earth, the length of the year exactly as 365 days.

He even computed the circumference of the earth as 24835 miles which is close to modern day calculation of 24900 miles.

This remarkable Bihari was a genius and continues to baffle many mathematicians of today. His works was then later adopted by the Greeks and then the Arabs.

The Legendary Hindi Poet “Baba Nagarjuna”

8 Jun

“Baba Nagarjuna” was Born in 30th June 1911 as Vaidya Nath Mishra in the village Satlakha, his mother’s village, he was fondly called baba by his followers. Baba was known for his revolutionary ideas and unconventional lifestyle. His writings inspired generations and he was known for his candid and anti – establishment views.

Born in a lower middle class Brahmin family of Tarauni village in Darbhanga district of Bihar, Nagarjun lost his mother when he was barely three years old. His father lived as a vagabond and hedonist. So as a child Nagarjun had to depend upon compassionate relatives and some generous landlords for financial help for his education. He showed excellence in the learning of the ancient Indian languages like Sanskrit, Pali and Prakrit first at the rural centres and later in the cities of Varanasi and Calcutta where, along his higher studies he also worked for his livelihood. Though, Nagarjun’s academic expenses could be met by the scholarships which he won as a bright student, he always bore the fact on his mind that he had also to support his father who could barely earn any money by himself.

After the years of learning and semi-employment in Calcutta, Nagarjun moved to Saharanpur (U.P.) where he got a full time teaching job. Apparently Nagarjun had moved to a better paying job but in fact his unsatiable urge to delve deep and yet deeper into the traditional wisdom of India particularly the Sanskrit treatises and philosophical discourses, Buddhist scriptures and handwritten manuscripts of sorts put him on the path of an unstable nomadic existence.

This pursuit took him to Sri Lanka where in the Buddhist monastery of Kelania he had to adopt Buddhism to have free access to the well guarded manuscripts which were inaccessible to the outside world. (This had a precedent. Nagarjun’s mentor Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan had to pass through the same experience). It was in 1935 that Nagarjun became a Buddhist monk. As an imperative he had to change his name.




That is when he started his literary career with Maithili poems by the pen-name of Yatri in early 1930s. By mid 1930s, he started writing poetry in Hindi. This is when he adopted the name Nagarjun. A wanderer by nature, Nagarjun spent a considerable amount of his time in the 30s and the 40s traveling across India. He was influenced by Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan and Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.

He also participated in many mass-awakening movements before and after independence. Between 1939 and 1942, He was jailed by the British courts for leading a farmer’s agitation in Bihar. For a long time after independence he was involved with journalism. He played an active role in Jaya Prakash Narayan’s movement prior to emergency, and was jailed during the period of emergency. He was strongly influence by Leninist-Marxist ideology. This was one of the reasons that he never found patronage from the mainstream political establishments. Coupled with this, his own vagabond way of life, became the cause of his extreme poverty. He spent his last days in illness and poverty in the poor localities of Delhi and Darbhanga. He died in 1998 at the age of 87 in Darbhanga.
Baba’s style of writing had tinge of social and political satire and protested againt the poltical regime of the times. He wrote on wide range of issues and was loved by all for his hard hitting and incisive views.

The subjects of his poetry are varied. Effects of both his wandering tendencies and activism, is clear in his middle and later works. His famous poems like Badal ko Ghirate Dekha hai , is a travelogue in its own right. He often wrote on contemporary social and political issues. His famous poem Mantra Kavita, is widely considered the most accurate reflection of a whole generation’s mindset in India. Another such poem is Aao Rani Ham Dhoenge Palaki, which sarcastically humiliates the then prime minister of India, Pt. Nehru, for the extravagant welcome thrown by him for Queen Elizabeth.

Besides these accepted subjects of poetry, Nagarjun found poetic beauty in unconventional subjects. One of his most astonishing works is a poem based on a female pig called paine daanto wali. Another such creation is a series of poems on a full-grown jack fruit .

Because of the breadth of his poetry, Nagarjun is considered the only Hindi poet, after Tulsidas, to have an audience ranging from the rural sections of society to the élite. He effectively freed poetry from the bounds of elitism. was given the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1969 for his historic book Patarheen Nagna Gachh. He was also honored by the Sahitya Akademi by appointing him its fellow in 1994.
 
A Socialist to the core of his heart, it was probably only Nagarjuna, after Munshi Prem Chand, who strongly advocated the cause of the downtrodden and the exploited. He wrote extensively about the rotten social system which, according to him, was being used to exploit the peasantry.

Nagarjuna was basically anti-establishment, because he was not compromising by nature. This is why he even rejected the offer of nomination to the Rajya Sabha and thrice to the Bihar Vidhan Parishad.Unfortuanlety on 5th Nov 1998 Baba breathed his last in the Khwaja Sarai locality of Darbhanga town in Bihar in the small house of his eldest son, Shobha Kant. About a month before his death, his daughter-in-law made a sentimental appeal to all Hindi lovers to come forward and give financial help to the seriously ill poet. Her appeal fell on deaf years. His famous protest poetry Om recently featured in Sanjay Jha’s movie Strings bound by faith and thanks to this effort of Sanjay the new generation is discovering the magic of Baba’s writing.

How Irfan Alam becomes Hero of Rikshawpullers in India

7 Jun

Irfan alam born in begusarai district, bihar started off with 100 such rickshaws in 2007. Today, over three lakh rickshaw-pullers from across the country are registered with Sammaan Foundation . While 10,000 and odd are pedaling the special rickshaws, the process is underway to help others. US President Barack Obama called him to attend the “Entrepreneurship Summit” scheduled for April in Washington DC, America.

A 27-year-old from Begusarai in Bihar and his typically Indian thirsts of entrepreneurship exhibited through his company Sammaan Foundation that he established in Patna in 2007.
Irfan Alam, the founder and chairman, Sammaan Foundation came out with an innovative idea and transformed it into a business model. It relates to the cycle rickshaw pulling business where the men engaged hardly made a respectable earning. Alam’s idea made it profitable and honorable with small but innovative changes. In Alam’s business plan, rickshaw puller makes the ride for the commuter more comfortable and enjoyable with provision of music, magazine/news papers, and even first aid. He designed the rickshaws in such a way that it gives ample space to put the advertisement on the side, front and back panels of the rickshaw. Rickshaw puller additionally earns from various value-added services such as sale of mineral water, juices, mobile recharge, courier collection, bills collections. The company intrudes for the first time prepaid rickshaws in India.

How Mr Anand Kumar(Super30) Producing Brilliant Brains in Bihar

4 Jun

Anand Kumar was born in Bihar. His father was a post office clerk in Bihar. His father could not afford private schooling for his children, and Anand attended a Hindi medium government school, where he developed his deep interest of Mathematics. During graduation, Kumar submitted papers on Number Theory, which were published in Mathematical Spectrum and The Mathematical Gazette in the UK. Anand was granted admission to Cambridge University, but could not attend because of his father’s death and his financial condition, even after looking for sponsor in 1994-1995, both in Patna and Delhi, The Hindu even published his story, yet no help was forthcoming. Kumar would work on Mathematics during day time and would sell papads in evenings with his mother, who had started a small business from home, to support her family. He also tutored students in maths to earn extra money. Since Patna University library did not have foreign journals, for his own study, he would travel every weekend on a six-hour train journey to Varanasi, where his younger brother, learning violin under N. Rajam, and had a hostel room. Thus he would spent Saturday and Sunday at the Central Library, BHU and return to Patna on Monday morning.

In 1997, Kumar began teaching Mathematics. He rented a classroom for Rs 500 a month, and began his own institute, the Ramanujam School of Mathematics (RSM). Within the space of year, his class grew from two students to thirty-six, and after three years there were almost 500 students enrolled. Then in early 2000, when a poor student came to him seeking coaching for IIT-JEE, who couldn’t afford the annual admission fee due to poverty, Kumar was motivated to start the Super 30 programme in 2003, for which he is now well-known. Every year in August, since 2003, the Ramanujan School of Mathematics, now a trust, holds a competitive test to select 30 students for the ‘Super 30’ scheme. About 4,000 to 5,000 students appear at the test, and eventually he takes thirty intelligent students from economically backward sections, tutors them, and provides study materials and lodging for a year. He prepares them for the Joint Entrance Examination for the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT). His mother, Jayanti Devi, cooks for the students, and his brother Pranav Kumar takes care of the management. During 2003-2009, 182 students out of 210 have made it to the IITs. In 2010, all the students of Super 30 cleared IIT JEE entrance making it a three in a row for the institution. Anand Kumar has no financial support for Super 30 from any government as well as private agencies, and manages on the tuition fee he earns from the Ramanujam Institute. After the success of Super 30 and its growing popularity, he got many offers from the private – both national and international companies – as well as the government for financial help, but he always refused it. He wanted to sustain Super 30 through his own efforts.

In March 2009, Discovery Channel broadcast a one-hour-long programme on Super 30, and half a page has been devoted to Kumar in The New York Times. Actress and ex-Miss Japan Norika Fujiwara visited Patna to make a documentary on Anand’s initiatives. Kumar has been featured in programmes by the BBC. In California, he has shared his experience from the IIM in Ahmedabad. Kumar is in the Limca Book of Records (2009) for his contribution in helping poor students crack IIT-JEE by providing them free coaching. Time Magazine has selected mathematician Anand Kumar’s school – Super 30 – in the list of Best of Asia 2010. Anand Kumar was awarded the S. Ramanujan Award for 2010 by the Institute for Research and Documentation in Social Sciences (IRDS) in July 2010.
Super 30 received praise from United States President Barack Obama’s special envoy Rashad Hussain, who termed it the “best” institute in the country. Newsweek Magazine has taken note of the initiative of mathematician Anand Kumar’s Super 30 and included his school in the list of four most innovative schools in the world. Anand Kumar has been awarded by top award of Bihar government “Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad Shiksha Puraskar” November 2010. He was awarded the Prof Yashwantrao Kelkar Yuva Puraskar 2010 by Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) in Bangalore.
In April 2011, Anand Kumar was selected by Europe’s magazine Focus as “one of the global personalities who have the ability to shape exceptionally talented people.”