Tag Archives: India

Remember The Legendary-Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal

18 Jun

B. P. Mandal was raised in the village of Murho, in the Madhepura District (formerly Saharsa District) of northern Bihar. B. P. Mandal received his early education in Madhepura and he attended Raj High School in Darbhanga. He matriculated at Patna College in the 1930s and worked as an Honorary Magistrate from 1945 to 1951. B. P. Mandal and his wife, Sita Mandal, were survived by five sons and two daughters. The third son, Maninder Kumar Mandal, and his son Nikhil Mandal in national and state politics.

B. P. Mandal was the son of Ras Behari Lal Mandal, a wealthy zamindar. According to local legend, his father raised the demand for Indian independence at the 1911 Delhi Durbar. Ras Behari Lal Mandal later made his contribution as founder of All India Gope Jatiya (Yadav) Mahasabha and was one of the few zamindars who laid the foundation of Indian National Congress in Bihar. His eldest son Bhubneshwari Prasad Mandal became Member of Bihar-Orissa Legislative Council in 1924 and was Chairman of Local Board, Bhagalpur till his death in 1948. Ras Behari Lal Mandal’s second son, the British arrested Kamleshwari Prasad Mandal along with Jai Prakash Narain and others and lodged in Hazaribagh Central Jail , and became M.L.C. in Bihar in 1937. B. P. Mandal was the youngest of the three sons of Ras Behari Babu.

His political career began with the Indian National Congress but he joined the Janata Party after the Emergency Period. Later in his political career, B.P. Mandal gravitated toward socialist political ideas and he eventually joined the Samyukta Socialist Party. B. P. Mandal became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1967-68 for a short period before his Government was pulled down by supporting Congress Party for not rewinding the Commission appointed to ask into allegations of corruption against Congress leaders during previous government.

Mr B. P. Mandal was a Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha for the state of Bihar from 1967 to 1970 and 1977 to 1979. He was also the Chief Minister of Bihar for forty-eight days in 1968, a period of intense political instability (his predecessor was Chief Minister for only three days). In December 1978, Prime Minister Morarji Desai appointed a five member civil rights commission under the chairmanship of B. P. Mandal. The commission’s report was completed in 1980 and recommended that a significant proportion of all government and educational places be reserved for applicants from the Other Backward Classes. The commission’s report was tabled indefinitely by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A decade later, Prime Minister V. P. Singh implemented the recommendations of the Mandal Report.

The Government of India issued a stamp in honor of B. P. Mandal in 2001. A college named in his honor, B. P. Mandal Engineering College, was founded in 2007.

Lead Bihar Salutes Mr Anna Hajare

17 Jun

Who is Anna Hazare?
Started his career as a driver in the Army and turned into a social activist.

What’s so special about him?
He built a village Ralegaon Siddhi in Ahamad Nagar district, Maharashtra.

So what, See…
This village is a self-sustained model village. Energy is produced in the village itself from solar power, biofuel and wind mills.

In 1975, it used to be a poverty clad village. Now it is one of the richest village in India. It has become a model for self-sustained, eco-friendly & harmonic village.

Ok…
This guy, Anna Hazare was awarded Padma Bhushan and is a known figure for his social activities.

Really, what is he fighting for?
He is supporting a cause, the amendment of a law to curb corruption in India.

How that can be possible?
He is advocating for a Bil, The Lok Pal Bill (The Citizen Ombudsman Bill), that will form an autonomous authority who will make politicians (ministers), beurocrats (IAS/IPS) accountable for their deeds.

It’s an entirely new thing right..?
In 1972, the bill was proposed by then Law minister Mr. Shanti Bhushan. Since then it has been neglected by the politicians and some are trying to change the bill to suit thier theft (corruption).

Oh.. He is going on a hunger strike for that whole thing of passing a Bill ! How can that be possible in such a short span of time?
The first thing he is asking for is: the government should come forward and announce that the bill is going to be passed.

Next, they make a joint committee to DRAFT the LOK PAL BILL. 50% goverment participation and 50% public participation. Because you cant trust the government entirely for making such a bill which does not suit them.

Fine, What will happen when this bill is passed?
A LokPal will be appointed at the centre. He will have an autonomous charge, say like the Election Commission of India. In each state, Lokayukta will be appointed. The job is to bring all alleged party to trial in case of corruptions within 1 year. Within 2 years, the guilty will be punished. Not like, Bofors scam or Bhopal Gas Tragedy case, that has gone for last 25 years without any result.

Is he alone? Whoelse is there in the fight with Anna Hazare?
Baba Ramdev, Ex. IPS Kiran Bedi, Social Activist Swami Agnivesh, RTI activist Arvind Kejriwal and many more. Prominent personalities like Aamir Khan is supporting his cause.

Ok, got it. What can I do?
At least we can spread the message. How?

Putting status message, links, video, changing profile pics. Share this news links all over your Facebook/Twitter/email to all and on all Social Networking Sites !

At least we can support Anna Hazare and the cause for uprooting corruption from India.

At least we can hope that his Hunger Strike does not go in vain.

At least we can pray for his good health.

Lead Bihar – LB, Support with Mr Anna Hazare ! Cheers…

Manoj Bajpai

16 Jun

Manoj Bajpai borned in Belwa a small village Narkatiaganj in West Champaran, Bihar. He completed his schooling from K R High school, Bettiah. He went for Graduation in Ramjas College, University of Delhi, also did theatre with Barry John. Manoj Bajpai was married to Bihar’s girl, whom he left after two months and came to Mumbai. in 2005, he married Neha (real name Shabana Raza), a Bollywood actress who worked in movies namely Kareeb, Fiza. They have baby girls together.

Manoj Bajpai got his first opportunity with a television serial aired on Doordarshan, Swaabhimaan. Bajpai also done a small role as a cop in Dastak movie. He shared the screen space with Mukul Dev and Sushmita Sen. He appeared in several small roles in films like Droh Kaal (1994), and Bandit Queen (1994), before getting a big break in 1998 film Satya directed by Ram Gopal Varma. His performance as Bhiku Mhatre won him several awards, as he portrayed the hotheaded and compassionate sides of this small-time gangster, with equal panache. His another important film where he played a dark character was Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra’s film Aks in 2001, which gave him many awards.

Manoj Bajpai’s work was also appreciated in films like Daud,Dil Par Mat le Yaar,Road,Sool, Zubeidaa (2001), Pinjar (2003) which earned him the National Film Award, Veer Zaara in 2004 and Rajneeti in 2010.
Veerendra Pratap the role of his character in the movie Raajneeti explains his magic and aura. Katrina Kaif touched the feet of actor Manoj Bajpai as a sign of respect following the premiere of Rajneeti. When Satya released some 12 years ago, Tabu had done the same thing, touching the thespian’s feet.

He is Awarded and nominated in
•    1999 won: Filmfare Award Best Actor – Critics’ Choice, Satya
•    1999 won: Star Screen Award Best Supporting Actor: Satya
•    1999 won: BFJA Best Actor: Shool
•    2000 won: National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor: Satya
•    2000 won: Filmfare Award Best Actor – Critics’ Choice: Shool
•    2000 won: Zee Cine Award Best Actor in a Supporting Role- Male: Shool
•    2002 won: Star Screen Award Best Villain: Aks
•    2002 Nominated: Filmfare Best Villain Award forAks
•    2003 won: Zee Cine Award for Best Actor in a Negative Role: Road
•    2003 Nominated: Filmfare Best Villain Award for Road
•    2004 won: National Film Award – Special Jury Award: Pinjar
•    2004:Nominated: Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award-LOC Kargil
•    2011:Nominated: Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award-Raajneeti

Films he act in
•    Tamanna (1997)
•    Daud: Fun on the Run (1997)
•    Satya (1998) … Bhiku Mahatre
•    Prema Kadha (1999)(Telugu)
•    Kaun (1999)
•    Shool (1999) … Inspector Samar Pratap Singh
•    Fiza (2000)
•    Dil Pe Mat Le Yaar (2000)
•    Ghaath (2000)
•    Zubeidaa (2001)
•    Aks (2001)
•    Road (2002)
•    Pinjar (2003)
•    LOC: Kargil (2003)
•    Hanan (2004)
•    Jaago (2004)
•    Veer-Zaara (2004)
•    Inteqam: The Perfect Game (2004)
•    Return to Rajapur (2005)
•    Bewafaa (2005)
•    Fareb (2005)
•    Happy (2006) Telugu film
•    1971 (2007)
•    Swami (2007)
•    Dus Kahaniyan (2007)
•    Money Hai Toh Honey Hai (2008)
•    Acid Factory (2008)
•    Jugaad (2009)
•    Jail (2009)
•    Komaram Puli (2010) Telugu film
•    Vedam (2010) Telugu film
•    Raajneeti (2010)
•    Dus Tola (2010)
•    Chittagong (2011)
•    hindi 2011

Real Classic Hero Bharat Ratna “Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan Ji”

13 Jun

Jayprakash Narayan Ji was born in Sitabdiara village of Saran District(Now Called Chapra) in Bihar. In his Childhood, he had many pets. One day, his pigeon died and he did not take food for two days. His father Harsudayal posted as a junior official in the canal department of the State government and was often touring the region. Jayaprakash Ji, called Baul affectionately, was left with his grandmother to study in Sitabdiara. There was no high school in the village, Then Jayaprakash Ji went to Patna to study in the Collegiate School. He excelled in school. His essay, “The present state of Hindi in Bihar”, won a best essay award. He entered the Patna College on a Government scholarship. In October, 1920 Jayaprakash married Prabhavati Devi, a independence activist in her own right and a staunch disciple of Kasturba Gandhi. Prabhavati was the daughter of lawyer and nationalist Brij Kishore Prasad, one of the first Gandhians in Bihar and one who played a major role in Gandhi’s campaign in Champaran. She often held opinions which were not in agreement with JP’s views, but Narayan Ji respected her independence. On Gandhiji’s invitation, she stayed at his Sabarmati Ashram while Jayaprakash Ji continued his studies.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji joined Bihar Vidyapeeth discovered by Dr. Rajendra Prasad for motivating young meritorious youths and was among the first students of eminent Gandhian Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha, a close colleague of M. K. Gandhi who later became first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar. In 1922, Narayan Ji went to the United States, where he worked to support his studies in political science, sociology and economics at the University of California, Berkeley, University of Iowa, University of Wisconsin–Madison and Ohio State University. He adopted Marxism while studying at the University of Wisconsin–Madison under sociologist Edward A. Ross; he was also deeply influenced by the writings of M. N. Roy. Financial constraints and his mother’s health forced him to abandon his wish of earning a PhD. He became acquainted with Rajani Palme Dutt and other revolutionaries in London on his way back to India.

After returning to India, Narayan Ji joined the Indian National Congress on the invitation of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1929; M. K. Gandhi became his mentor in the Congress. He shared the same house at kadam kuan in Patna with his close friend and nationalist Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha). with whom he shared the most cordial and lasting friendship. During the Indian independence movement he was arrested, jailed, and tortured several times by the British. He won particular fame during the Quit India movement.

After being jailed in 1932 for civil disobedience against British rule, Narayan Ji was imprisoned in Nasik Jail, where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Yusuf Desai and other national leaders. After his release, the Congress Socialist Party, or (CSP), a left-wing group within the Congress, was formed with Acharya Narendra Deva as President and Narayan Ji as General secretary.

During the Quit India Movement of 1942, when senior Congress leaders were arrested in the early stages, JP, Lohia and Basawon Singh (Sinha) were at the forefront of the agitations. Leaders such as Jayaprakash Narayan Ji and Aruna Asaf Ali were described as “the political children of Gandhi but recent students of Karl Marx.” He was also a great advocate of corelation “SAHJEEVAN”

Initially a defender of physical force, Narayan Ji was won over to Gandhi’s place on nonviolence and advocated the use satyagrahas to make the ideals of democratic socialism. Furthermore, he became deeply disillusioned with the practical experience of socialism in Nehru’s India.

After independence and the death of Mahatma Gandhi, Narayan Ji, Acharya Narendra Dev and Basawon Singh (Sinha) led the CSP out of Congress to become the opposition Socialist Party, which later took the name Praja Socialist Party. Basawon Singh (Sinha) became the first leader of the opposition in the state and assembly of Bihar and Acharya Narendra Deva became the first leader of opposition in the state and assembly of U.P. His party is the first national party who distributed tickets on caste line. This was the point where Jayaprakash Narayan Ji disagreed with the party principles and pursued Sarvodey and Lokniti.

On April 19, 1954, Narayan Ji announced in Gaya that he was dedicating his life to Vinoba Bhave’s Sarvodaya movement and its Bhoodan campaign, which promoted distributing land to Harijans. He gave up his land, set up an ashram in Hazaribagh, and worked towards uplifting the village. In 1957, Narayan Ji formally broke with the Praja Socialist Party to pursue lokniti [Polity of the people], as opposed to rajniti [Polity of the state]. By this time, Narayan Ji had become convinced that lokniti should be non-partisan to build a consensus-based, classless, participatory democracy which he termed Sarvodaya. Narayan Ji became an important figure in the India-wide network of Gandhian Sarvodaya workers.

In 1964, Narayan Ji was vilified across the political spectrum for arguing in an article in the Hindustan Times that India had a responsibility to keep its promise to allow self-determination to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. He hit back at critics in a second article, dismissing the Indian version of the “domino theory” which held that the rest of India’s states would disintegrate if Kashmir were allowed its promised freedom. In his graceful if old-fashioned style, Narayan Ji ridiculed the premise that “the states of India are held together by force and not by the sentiment of a common nationality. It is an assumption that makes a mockery of the Indian Nation and a tyrant of the Indian State”.

Narayan Ji returned to prominence in State politics in the late 1960s. In 1974, he led the student’s movement in the state of Bihar which gradually developed into a popular people’s movement known as the Bihar movement. It was during this movement that JP gave a call for peaceful Total Revolution Together with V. M. Tarkunde, he founded the Citizens for Democracy in 1974 and the People’s Union for Civil Liberties in 1976, both NGOs, to uphold and defend civil liberties.

When Indira Gandhi was found guilty of violating electoral laws by the Allahabad High Court, Narayan Ji called for Indira to resign, and advocated a program of social transformation which he termed Sampoorna kraanti [Total Revolution]. Instead she proclaimed a national Emergency on the midnight of June 25, 1975, immediately after Narayan Ji had called for the PM’s resignation and had asked the military and the police to disregard unconstitutional and immoral orders; JP, opposition leaders, and dissenting members of her own party (the ‘Young Turks’) were arrested on that day.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji attracted a gathering of 100,000 people at the Ramlila Ground and thunderously recited Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar”s wonderfully evocative poetry: Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai.

Narayan Ji was kept as detenu at Chandigarh even after he had asked for a month’s parole for mobilising relief in areas of Bihar gravely affected by flood. His health suddenly deteriorated on October 24, and he was released on November 12; diagnosis at Jaslok Hospital, Bombay, revealed kidney failure; he would be on dialysis for the rest of his life. After Indira revoked the emergency on January 18, 1977 and announced elections, it was under JP’s guidance that the Janata Party (a vehicle for the broad spectrum of the anti-Indira Gandhi opposition) was formed. The Janata Party was voted into power, and became the first non-Congress party to form a government at the Centre. On the call of Narayan Ji many youngesters joined the J P movement.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji died on 8 October 1979; but a few months before that, in March 1979, his death was erroneously announced by the Indian prime minister to the parliament as he lay fighting for his life in Jaslok Hospital, causing a brief wave of national mourning, including the suspension of parliament and regular radio broadcasting, and closure of schools and shops. When he was told about the gaffe a few weeks later, he smiled.

He’s awarded by: Bharat Ratna, 1999, Rashtrabhushan Award of FIE Foundation, Ichalkaranji

Mr Nitish Kumar’s China Visit Will Boost State’s Agriculture, Industrial Infrastructure, Irrigation System & Tourism

11 Jun
The ruins of Nalanda University in India where...

Image via Wikipedia

As we aware, our chief minister Mr Nitish Kumar will undertake a ‘goodwill’ visit to China from June 12.

Officials said that during his visit in China Mr Kumar would visit power plants, besides looking into its agriculture and irrigation systems. Mr Kumar would also inaugurate a seminar on ‘Budhhism: Mapping Asia’s History and Culture’ in Beijing on June 18 and attend a programme which is organized by Indian origin citizens in his honour in Shanghai. He would also visit Sandong and take a trip to the Great Wall of China, the officials said. Chinese sources said, had been impressed by the rapid economic growth of Bihar and has shown deep interest in making investments in Bihar.

Chinese Ambassador to India Zhang Yan during his Bihar visit in January had appreciated Mr Kumar for his efforts and announced coöperation with the state in developing agriculture and industrial infrastructure and reconstruct the ancient Nalanda University as part of the China-India Exchange this year. Consul General of China in Kolkata Zhang Lizhong too was expected to lead a Chinese delegation to Bihar to boost trade and industrial tie-ups, the officials said.

Does Anyone Know The Famous Mathematician Aryabhatta Belongs To Bihar?

10 Jun

Aryabhatta (476-550 A.D.) was born in Patliputra in Magadha, modern Patna in Bihar. Many are of the view that he was born in the south of India especially Kerala and lived in Magadha at the time of the Gupta rulers; time which is known as the golden age of India. There is no evidence that he was born outside Patliputra and traveled to Magadha, the centre of education and learning for his studies where he even set up a coaching centre. His first name “Arya” is hardly a south Indian name while “Bhatt” (or Bhatta) is a typical north Indian name even found today specially among the great “Bania” (or trader) community of Bihar.

Whatever this origin, it cannot be argued that he lived in Patliputra where he wrote his famous treatise the “Aryabhatta-siddhanta” but more famously the “Aryabhatiya”, the only work to have survived. It has mathematical and astronomical theories that have been revealed to be quite correct in modern mathematics. For instance he wrote that if 4 is added to 100 and then multiplied by 8 then added to 62,000 then divided by 20,000 the answer will be equal to the circumference of a circle of diameter twenty thousand. This calculates to 3.1416 close to the real value Pi (3.14159). But his greatest contribution has to be zero. His other works include algebra, arithmetic, trigonometry, quadratic equations and the sine table.

He already knew that the earth spins on its axis, the earth moves round the sun and the moon rotates round the earth. He talks about the position of the planets with its movement around the sun. He refers to the light of the planets and the moon as reflection from the sun. He goes as far as to explain the eclipse of the moon and the sun, day and night, the contours of the earth, the length of the year exactly as 365 days.

He even computed the circumference of the earth as 24835 miles which is close to modern day calculation of 24900 miles.

This remarkable Bihari was a genius and continues to baffle many mathematicians of today. His works was then later adopted by the Greeks and then the Arabs.

Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’

9 Jun

Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ (September 23, 1908– April 24, 1974) was born in a poor Bhumihar Brahmin family in Simariya village, in the Begusarai district of Bihar. As a student, his favorite subjects were history, politics and philosophy. He studied Hindi, Sanskrit, Maithili, Bengali, Urdu and English literature. Dinkar was greatly influenced by Iqbal, Rabindranath Tagore, Keats and Milton. He translated works of Rabindranath Tagore from Bangla to Hindi.

His works are mostly of ‘Veer Rasa’, or the ‘brave mode’, although Urvashi is an exception to this. Some of his greatest works are Rashmirathi and Parashuram ki Prateeksha. He is hailed as the greatest Hindi poet of ‘Veer Rasa’ since Bhushan. Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi wrote that he was very popular among people whose mother-tongue was not Hindi and he was a symbol of love for one’s own mother-tongue. Harivansh Rai Bachchan wrote that for his proper respect he should get four Gyanpith Awards – for poetry, prose, languages and for his service to Hindi. Rambriksh Benipuri wrote that Dinkar is giving voice to the revolutionary movement in the country. Namvar Singh wrote that he was really the sun of his age. Hindi writer Rajendra Yadav, whose novel ‘Sara Akash’ also carried a few lines of Dinkar’s poetry, has said of him He was always very inspiring to read. His poetry was about reawakening. He often delved into Hindu mythology and referred to heroes of epics such as Karna. He was a poet of anti-imperialism and nationalism, says well-known Hindi writer Kashinath Singh. He also wrote social and political satires for socio-economic inequalities and exploitation of the underprivileged. A progressive and humanist poet, he chose to approach history and reality directly and his verse combined oratorical vigour with a declamatory diction. The theme of Urvashi revolves round love, passion, and relationship of man and woman on a spiritual plane, distinct from their earthly relationship. His Kurukshetra is a narrative poem based on the Santi Parva of the Mahabharata. It was written at a time when the memories of the Second World War were fresh in the mind of the poet. Krishna Ki Chaetavani is another poem composed on events that led to the Kurukshetra war in the Mahabharata. His Samdheni is a collection of poems reflecting the poet’s social concern transcending the boundaries of the nation. In his Sanskiti ke Chaar Adhyay he said that despite various cultures, languages and topography, India stands united, because however different we may be, our thoughts are the same.

He received awards from Kashi Nagri Pracharini Sabha, Uttar Pradesh Government and an award by the Government of India for his epic-poem Kurukshetra. He got the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1959 for his work Sanskriti ke Char Adhyay. He was also a recipient of Padma Bhushan in 1959 by the Government of India. He was awarded the LLD degree by Bhagalpur University. He was felicitated as Vidyavachaspati by Gurukul Mahavidyalaya. He was felicitated as Sahitya-Chudamaniby Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur on 8 November 1968. Dinkar was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1972 for Urvashi. He also became a nominated member of the Rajya Sabha, in 1952.

On September 30, 1987, to mark his 79th birth anniversary tributes were paid to him by the then President of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma. In 1999, Dinkar was one of the Hindi writers featured on a set of commemorative postal stamps released by Government of India to celebrate the “Linguistic Harmony of India.” marking the 50th anniversary since the Indian Union adopted Hindi as its official language. The government released a book on Dinkar’s birth centenary authored by Khagendra Thakur. At the same time a statue of him was unveiled in Patna at the Dinkar Chowk, and a two-day national seminar was organised in Calicut University.