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Remember The Legendary-Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal

18 Jun

B. P. Mandal was raised in the village of Murho, in the Madhepura District (formerly Saharsa District) of northern Bihar. B. P. Mandal received his early education in Madhepura and he attended Raj High School in Darbhanga. He matriculated at Patna College in the 1930s and worked as an Honorary Magistrate from 1945 to 1951. B. P. Mandal and his wife, Sita Mandal, were survived by five sons and two daughters. The third son, Maninder Kumar Mandal, and his son Nikhil Mandal in national and state politics.

B. P. Mandal was the son of Ras Behari Lal Mandal, a wealthy zamindar. According to local legend, his father raised the demand for Indian independence at the 1911 Delhi Durbar. Ras Behari Lal Mandal later made his contribution as founder of All India Gope Jatiya (Yadav) Mahasabha and was one of the few zamindars who laid the foundation of Indian National Congress in Bihar. His eldest son Bhubneshwari Prasad Mandal became Member of Bihar-Orissa Legislative Council in 1924 and was Chairman of Local Board, Bhagalpur till his death in 1948. Ras Behari Lal Mandal’s second son, the British arrested Kamleshwari Prasad Mandal along with Jai Prakash Narain and others and lodged in Hazaribagh Central Jail , and became M.L.C. in Bihar in 1937. B. P. Mandal was the youngest of the three sons of Ras Behari Babu.

His political career began with the Indian National Congress but he joined the Janata Party after the Emergency Period. Later in his political career, B.P. Mandal gravitated toward socialist political ideas and he eventually joined the Samyukta Socialist Party. B. P. Mandal became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1967-68 for a short period before his Government was pulled down by supporting Congress Party for not rewinding the Commission appointed to ask into allegations of corruption against Congress leaders during previous government.

Mr B. P. Mandal was a Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha for the state of Bihar from 1967 to 1970 and 1977 to 1979. He was also the Chief Minister of Bihar for forty-eight days in 1968, a period of intense political instability (his predecessor was Chief Minister for only three days). In December 1978, Prime Minister Morarji Desai appointed a five member civil rights commission under the chairmanship of B. P. Mandal. The commission’s report was completed in 1980 and recommended that a significant proportion of all government and educational places be reserved for applicants from the Other Backward Classes. The commission’s report was tabled indefinitely by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A decade later, Prime Minister V. P. Singh implemented the recommendations of the Mandal Report.

The Government of India issued a stamp in honor of B. P. Mandal in 2001. A college named in his honor, B. P. Mandal Engineering College, was founded in 2007.

Lead Bihar Salutes Mr Anna Hajare

17 Jun

Who is Anna Hazare?
Started his career as a driver in the Army and turned into a social activist.

What’s so special about him?
He built a village Ralegaon Siddhi in Ahamad Nagar district, Maharashtra.

So what, See…
This village is a self-sustained model village. Energy is produced in the village itself from solar power, biofuel and wind mills.

In 1975, it used to be a poverty clad village. Now it is one of the richest village in India. It has become a model for self-sustained, eco-friendly & harmonic village.

Ok…
This guy, Anna Hazare was awarded Padma Bhushan and is a known figure for his social activities.

Really, what is he fighting for?
He is supporting a cause, the amendment of a law to curb corruption in India.

How that can be possible?
He is advocating for a Bil, The Lok Pal Bill (The Citizen Ombudsman Bill), that will form an autonomous authority who will make politicians (ministers), beurocrats (IAS/IPS) accountable for their deeds.

It’s an entirely new thing right..?
In 1972, the bill was proposed by then Law minister Mr. Shanti Bhushan. Since then it has been neglected by the politicians and some are trying to change the bill to suit thier theft (corruption).

Oh.. He is going on a hunger strike for that whole thing of passing a Bill ! How can that be possible in such a short span of time?
The first thing he is asking for is: the government should come forward and announce that the bill is going to be passed.

Next, they make a joint committee to DRAFT the LOK PAL BILL. 50% goverment participation and 50% public participation. Because you cant trust the government entirely for making such a bill which does not suit them.

Fine, What will happen when this bill is passed?
A LokPal will be appointed at the centre. He will have an autonomous charge, say like the Election Commission of India. In each state, Lokayukta will be appointed. The job is to bring all alleged party to trial in case of corruptions within 1 year. Within 2 years, the guilty will be punished. Not like, Bofors scam or Bhopal Gas Tragedy case, that has gone for last 25 years without any result.

Is he alone? Whoelse is there in the fight with Anna Hazare?
Baba Ramdev, Ex. IPS Kiran Bedi, Social Activist Swami Agnivesh, RTI activist Arvind Kejriwal and many more. Prominent personalities like Aamir Khan is supporting his cause.

Ok, got it. What can I do?
At least we can spread the message. How?

Putting status message, links, video, changing profile pics. Share this news links all over your Facebook/Twitter/email to all and on all Social Networking Sites !

At least we can support Anna Hazare and the cause for uprooting corruption from India.

At least we can hope that his Hunger Strike does not go in vain.

At least we can pray for his good health.

Lead Bihar – LB, Support with Mr Anna Hazare ! Cheers…

Real Classic Hero Bharat Ratna “Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan Ji”

13 Jun

Jayprakash Narayan Ji was born in Sitabdiara village of Saran District(Now Called Chapra) in Bihar. In his Childhood, he had many pets. One day, his pigeon died and he did not take food for two days. His father Harsudayal posted as a junior official in the canal department of the State government and was often touring the region. Jayaprakash Ji, called Baul affectionately, was left with his grandmother to study in Sitabdiara. There was no high school in the village, Then Jayaprakash Ji went to Patna to study in the Collegiate School. He excelled in school. His essay, “The present state of Hindi in Bihar”, won a best essay award. He entered the Patna College on a Government scholarship. In October, 1920 Jayaprakash married Prabhavati Devi, a independence activist in her own right and a staunch disciple of Kasturba Gandhi. Prabhavati was the daughter of lawyer and nationalist Brij Kishore Prasad, one of the first Gandhians in Bihar and one who played a major role in Gandhi’s campaign in Champaran. She often held opinions which were not in agreement with JP’s views, but Narayan Ji respected her independence. On Gandhiji’s invitation, she stayed at his Sabarmati Ashram while Jayaprakash Ji continued his studies.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji joined Bihar Vidyapeeth discovered by Dr. Rajendra Prasad for motivating young meritorious youths and was among the first students of eminent Gandhian Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha, a close colleague of M. K. Gandhi who later became first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar. In 1922, Narayan Ji went to the United States, where he worked to support his studies in political science, sociology and economics at the University of California, Berkeley, University of Iowa, University of Wisconsin–Madison and Ohio State University. He adopted Marxism while studying at the University of Wisconsin–Madison under sociologist Edward A. Ross; he was also deeply influenced by the writings of M. N. Roy. Financial constraints and his mother’s health forced him to abandon his wish of earning a PhD. He became acquainted with Rajani Palme Dutt and other revolutionaries in London on his way back to India.

After returning to India, Narayan Ji joined the Indian National Congress on the invitation of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1929; M. K. Gandhi became his mentor in the Congress. He shared the same house at kadam kuan in Patna with his close friend and nationalist Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha). with whom he shared the most cordial and lasting friendship. During the Indian independence movement he was arrested, jailed, and tortured several times by the British. He won particular fame during the Quit India movement.

After being jailed in 1932 for civil disobedience against British rule, Narayan Ji was imprisoned in Nasik Jail, where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Yusuf Desai and other national leaders. After his release, the Congress Socialist Party, or (CSP), a left-wing group within the Congress, was formed with Acharya Narendra Deva as President and Narayan Ji as General secretary.

During the Quit India Movement of 1942, when senior Congress leaders were arrested in the early stages, JP, Lohia and Basawon Singh (Sinha) were at the forefront of the agitations. Leaders such as Jayaprakash Narayan Ji and Aruna Asaf Ali were described as “the political children of Gandhi but recent students of Karl Marx.” He was also a great advocate of corelation “SAHJEEVAN”

Initially a defender of physical force, Narayan Ji was won over to Gandhi’s place on nonviolence and advocated the use satyagrahas to make the ideals of democratic socialism. Furthermore, he became deeply disillusioned with the practical experience of socialism in Nehru’s India.

After independence and the death of Mahatma Gandhi, Narayan Ji, Acharya Narendra Dev and Basawon Singh (Sinha) led the CSP out of Congress to become the opposition Socialist Party, which later took the name Praja Socialist Party. Basawon Singh (Sinha) became the first leader of the opposition in the state and assembly of Bihar and Acharya Narendra Deva became the first leader of opposition in the state and assembly of U.P. His party is the first national party who distributed tickets on caste line. This was the point where Jayaprakash Narayan Ji disagreed with the party principles and pursued Sarvodey and Lokniti.

On April 19, 1954, Narayan Ji announced in Gaya that he was dedicating his life to Vinoba Bhave’s Sarvodaya movement and its Bhoodan campaign, which promoted distributing land to Harijans. He gave up his land, set up an ashram in Hazaribagh, and worked towards uplifting the village. In 1957, Narayan Ji formally broke with the Praja Socialist Party to pursue lokniti [Polity of the people], as opposed to rajniti [Polity of the state]. By this time, Narayan Ji had become convinced that lokniti should be non-partisan to build a consensus-based, classless, participatory democracy which he termed Sarvodaya. Narayan Ji became an important figure in the India-wide network of Gandhian Sarvodaya workers.

In 1964, Narayan Ji was vilified across the political spectrum for arguing in an article in the Hindustan Times that India had a responsibility to keep its promise to allow self-determination to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. He hit back at critics in a second article, dismissing the Indian version of the “domino theory” which held that the rest of India’s states would disintegrate if Kashmir were allowed its promised freedom. In his graceful if old-fashioned style, Narayan Ji ridiculed the premise that “the states of India are held together by force and not by the sentiment of a common nationality. It is an assumption that makes a mockery of the Indian Nation and a tyrant of the Indian State”.

Narayan Ji returned to prominence in State politics in the late 1960s. In 1974, he led the student’s movement in the state of Bihar which gradually developed into a popular people’s movement known as the Bihar movement. It was during this movement that JP gave a call for peaceful Total Revolution Together with V. M. Tarkunde, he founded the Citizens for Democracy in 1974 and the People’s Union for Civil Liberties in 1976, both NGOs, to uphold and defend civil liberties.

When Indira Gandhi was found guilty of violating electoral laws by the Allahabad High Court, Narayan Ji called for Indira to resign, and advocated a program of social transformation which he termed Sampoorna kraanti [Total Revolution]. Instead she proclaimed a national Emergency on the midnight of June 25, 1975, immediately after Narayan Ji had called for the PM’s resignation and had asked the military and the police to disregard unconstitutional and immoral orders; JP, opposition leaders, and dissenting members of her own party (the ‘Young Turks’) were arrested on that day.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji attracted a gathering of 100,000 people at the Ramlila Ground and thunderously recited Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar”s wonderfully evocative poetry: Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai.

Narayan Ji was kept as detenu at Chandigarh even after he had asked for a month’s parole for mobilising relief in areas of Bihar gravely affected by flood. His health suddenly deteriorated on October 24, and he was released on November 12; diagnosis at Jaslok Hospital, Bombay, revealed kidney failure; he would be on dialysis for the rest of his life. After Indira revoked the emergency on January 18, 1977 and announced elections, it was under JP’s guidance that the Janata Party (a vehicle for the broad spectrum of the anti-Indira Gandhi opposition) was formed. The Janata Party was voted into power, and became the first non-Congress party to form a government at the Centre. On the call of Narayan Ji many youngesters joined the J P movement.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji died on 8 October 1979; but a few months before that, in March 1979, his death was erroneously announced by the Indian prime minister to the parliament as he lay fighting for his life in Jaslok Hospital, causing a brief wave of national mourning, including the suspension of parliament and regular radio broadcasting, and closure of schools and shops. When he was told about the gaffe a few weeks later, he smiled.

He’s awarded by: Bharat Ratna, 1999, Rashtrabhushan Award of FIE Foundation, Ichalkaranji

Prakash Jha (Filmmaker, Producer & Social Worker)

2 Jun

LeadBihar-director-prakash-jhaPrakash Jha was born and raised at his family’s farm in Bettiah, West Champaran, Bihar, India. He did his schooling from Sainik School Tilaya, Koderma district and Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 1, Bokaro Steel City. Later, he joined Ramjas College, Delhi University to do B.Sc (Hons) in Physics; though he left studies after one year and decided to go to Bombay and become a painter, though while he was preparing for J.J. School of Arts, he happen to witness the shooting film Dharma and got hooked on to filmmaking.
Soon he joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune in 1973, to do a course in Editing, though midway through it, the institution was closed for while, due to student agitation, so he came to Bombay, and started working, and never went back to complete the course.
While still midway through his course, he started working on films independently, in 1974 and made his first documentary, ‘Under the Blue’ in 1975, and continued to do so for next 8 years. During this period he made some highly politically charged documentaries, like the one of ‘Bihar Sharif riots’, titled, Faces After Storm (1984), which received considerable attention, as it was banned within 4–5 days of its released though later it won the National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film for the year.
Finally, he made his debut, as a feature film director, Hip Hip Hurray in 1983, scripted by Gulzar and starring, Raj Kiran and Deepti Naval as leads. Next came, the film he received most recognition with, Damul (1984), which won the National Film Award for Best Film and the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie in 1985. The film was based on the bonded labour issue in Bihar. In 1986, he directed, Parinati, based on the story by Vijaydan Detha.
Over the years he has made over 25 documentaries, nine feature films, two television features and three television series. His last film, Raajneeti, which was a contemporary take on the epic, Mahabharat, starring Ajay Devgan, Manoj Bajpai, Naseeruddin Shah, Katrina Kaif, Arjun Rampal, Nana Patekar and Ranbir Kapoor was a critical and box office success.His forhcoming film is Aarakshan which stars Amitabh Bachchan, Saif Ali Khan Deepika Padukone and Prateik Babbar.
Prakash Jha fought and lost election to the Lok Sabha from his native Champaran in 2004. He again lost election to the Lok Sabha in 2009 as Lok Janashakti Party candidate from West Champaran.
For the last five years Prakash Jha has been seriously involved with development initiatives in Bihar. He has been spearheading growth in infrastructure, health care and vocational training facilities in the state through the NGO Anubhooti.
Prakash Jha is the chairman of Anubhooti, a registered society that has been working for cultural development , improvement of health care, disaster management and the upliftment of farmers and socio-economic backward people in Bihar since 1991.
Most recently, the organization has been working for flood survivors. After the Kosi flood on 18th August, 2008, Anubhooti has provided complete relief to 6000 people since September 2008. Anubhooti has created a model village, Hindolwa village, for the flood affected and is working towards their complete rehabilitation.