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Remember The Legendary-Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal

18 Jun

B. P. Mandal was raised in the village of Murho, in the Madhepura District (formerly Saharsa District) of northern Bihar. B. P. Mandal received his early education in Madhepura and he attended Raj High School in Darbhanga. He matriculated at Patna College in the 1930s and worked as an Honorary Magistrate from 1945 to 1951. B. P. Mandal and his wife, Sita Mandal, were survived by five sons and two daughters. The third son, Maninder Kumar Mandal, and his son Nikhil Mandal in national and state politics.

B. P. Mandal was the son of Ras Behari Lal Mandal, a wealthy zamindar. According to local legend, his father raised the demand for Indian independence at the 1911 Delhi Durbar. Ras Behari Lal Mandal later made his contribution as founder of All India Gope Jatiya (Yadav) Mahasabha and was one of the few zamindars who laid the foundation of Indian National Congress in Bihar. His eldest son Bhubneshwari Prasad Mandal became Member of Bihar-Orissa Legislative Council in 1924 and was Chairman of Local Board, Bhagalpur till his death in 1948. Ras Behari Lal Mandal’s second son, the British arrested Kamleshwari Prasad Mandal along with Jai Prakash Narain and others and lodged in Hazaribagh Central Jail , and became M.L.C. in Bihar in 1937. B. P. Mandal was the youngest of the three sons of Ras Behari Babu.

His political career began with the Indian National Congress but he joined the Janata Party after the Emergency Period. Later in his political career, B.P. Mandal gravitated toward socialist political ideas and he eventually joined the Samyukta Socialist Party. B. P. Mandal became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1967-68 for a short period before his Government was pulled down by supporting Congress Party for not rewinding the Commission appointed to ask into allegations of corruption against Congress leaders during previous government.

Mr B. P. Mandal was a Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha for the state of Bihar from 1967 to 1970 and 1977 to 1979. He was also the Chief Minister of Bihar for forty-eight days in 1968, a period of intense political instability (his predecessor was Chief Minister for only three days). In December 1978, Prime Minister Morarji Desai appointed a five member civil rights commission under the chairmanship of B. P. Mandal. The commission’s report was completed in 1980 and recommended that a significant proportion of all government and educational places be reserved for applicants from the Other Backward Classes. The commission’s report was tabled indefinitely by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A decade later, Prime Minister V. P. Singh implemented the recommendations of the Mandal Report.

The Government of India issued a stamp in honor of B. P. Mandal in 2001. A college named in his honor, B. P. Mandal Engineering College, was founded in 2007.

Multistar Shatrughan Sinha

15 Jun

Mr Shatrughan Sinha was born in Patna, Bihar. He completed graduation in Patna Science College. He is an alumnus of the Film and Television Institute of India Pune. Currently there’s a scholorship being awarded on his name in the institute to Diploma students. He moved to Bombay(Now Called Mumbai), where he started his career in the Bollywood.

Mr Shatrughan Sinha came to Bombay, after getting Diploma in acting from Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. His first opportunity was playing a Pakistani Military Officer in Dev Anand’s Prem Pujari. Subsequently he got a small role of a police inspector in Mohan Sehgal’s Sajan in 1969. The release of the Prem Pujari was delayed, so his first released film was Sajan. He played supporting roles in many films before appearing in Gulzar’s Mere Apne in 1971. He later appeared in Dulal Guha’s “Dost” in 1974 and in Kalicharan in 1976.

Mr Shatrughan Sinha was selected by Rediff.com as one of the most unconventional actors in Hindi Cinema (the others being Ajay Devgan, Amitabh Bachchan, Irfan Khan, Rajnikant, Shahrukh Khan, and Sunil Shetty). In 2008, he joined as a judge for The Great Indian Laughter Challenge show, Season 4 on STAR One TV. On 3 October 2009, Shatrughan Sinha appeared on Sony Entertainment Television Asia Show Dus Ka Dum Season 2 as host for a special episode. He is hosting Bhojpuri version of the popular game show “Kaun Banega Crorepati” on Mahuaa channel. The show is named as “Ke Bani Crorepati”.

Mr Shatrughan Sinha won the Indian general election from Patna Sahib in Bihar. He defeated another cinema celebrity Shekhar Suman. Out of a total of 552,293 votes polled, Mr Sinha received 316,472 votes. He become a cabinet minister with the Government of India in the 13th Lok Sabha, holding two portfolios, the department of Health and Family Welfare (Jan 2003-May 2004), and the department of shipping (August 2004). He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. As of May 2006, he was been appointed as the head of the BJP Culture and Arts Department.

He is awarded by
* 1973 – Bengal Film Journalists’ Association Awards – Best Supporting Actor for ‘Tanhai’.
* 2003 – “Pride of the Film Industry” at the Stardust Awards 2003.
* 2003 – Stardust Award for Lifetime Achievement. * 2007 – National Kishore Kumar Samman.
* 2011 – Zee Cine Award for Lifetime Achievement.
He has also received a Special Award for “contribution in Indian Cinema” at the Kalakar Awards.
He is Nominated also in
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Supporting Actor–Paras (1971)
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Supporting Actor–Dost (1974)
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Supporting Actor–Kaala Pathar (1979)
* Filmfare Nomination as Best Actor–Dostana (1980)

Real Classic Hero Bharat Ratna “Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan Ji”

13 Jun

Jayprakash Narayan Ji was born in Sitabdiara village of Saran District(Now Called Chapra) in Bihar. In his Childhood, he had many pets. One day, his pigeon died and he did not take food for two days. His father Harsudayal posted as a junior official in the canal department of the State government and was often touring the region. Jayaprakash Ji, called Baul affectionately, was left with his grandmother to study in Sitabdiara. There was no high school in the village, Then Jayaprakash Ji went to Patna to study in the Collegiate School. He excelled in school. His essay, “The present state of Hindi in Bihar”, won a best essay award. He entered the Patna College on a Government scholarship. In October, 1920 Jayaprakash married Prabhavati Devi, a independence activist in her own right and a staunch disciple of Kasturba Gandhi. Prabhavati was the daughter of lawyer and nationalist Brij Kishore Prasad, one of the first Gandhians in Bihar and one who played a major role in Gandhi’s campaign in Champaran. She often held opinions which were not in agreement with JP’s views, but Narayan Ji respected her independence. On Gandhiji’s invitation, she stayed at his Sabarmati Ashram while Jayaprakash Ji continued his studies.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji joined Bihar Vidyapeeth discovered by Dr. Rajendra Prasad for motivating young meritorious youths and was among the first students of eminent Gandhian Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha, a close colleague of M. K. Gandhi who later became first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar. In 1922, Narayan Ji went to the United States, where he worked to support his studies in political science, sociology and economics at the University of California, Berkeley, University of Iowa, University of Wisconsin–Madison and Ohio State University. He adopted Marxism while studying at the University of Wisconsin–Madison under sociologist Edward A. Ross; he was also deeply influenced by the writings of M. N. Roy. Financial constraints and his mother’s health forced him to abandon his wish of earning a PhD. He became acquainted with Rajani Palme Dutt and other revolutionaries in London on his way back to India.

After returning to India, Narayan Ji joined the Indian National Congress on the invitation of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1929; M. K. Gandhi became his mentor in the Congress. He shared the same house at kadam kuan in Patna with his close friend and nationalist Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha). with whom he shared the most cordial and lasting friendship. During the Indian independence movement he was arrested, jailed, and tortured several times by the British. He won particular fame during the Quit India movement.

After being jailed in 1932 for civil disobedience against British rule, Narayan Ji was imprisoned in Nasik Jail, where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Yusuf Desai and other national leaders. After his release, the Congress Socialist Party, or (CSP), a left-wing group within the Congress, was formed with Acharya Narendra Deva as President and Narayan Ji as General secretary.

During the Quit India Movement of 1942, when senior Congress leaders were arrested in the early stages, JP, Lohia and Basawon Singh (Sinha) were at the forefront of the agitations. Leaders such as Jayaprakash Narayan Ji and Aruna Asaf Ali were described as “the political children of Gandhi but recent students of Karl Marx.” He was also a great advocate of corelation “SAHJEEVAN”

Initially a defender of physical force, Narayan Ji was won over to Gandhi’s place on nonviolence and advocated the use satyagrahas to make the ideals of democratic socialism. Furthermore, he became deeply disillusioned with the practical experience of socialism in Nehru’s India.

After independence and the death of Mahatma Gandhi, Narayan Ji, Acharya Narendra Dev and Basawon Singh (Sinha) led the CSP out of Congress to become the opposition Socialist Party, which later took the name Praja Socialist Party. Basawon Singh (Sinha) became the first leader of the opposition in the state and assembly of Bihar and Acharya Narendra Deva became the first leader of opposition in the state and assembly of U.P. His party is the first national party who distributed tickets on caste line. This was the point where Jayaprakash Narayan Ji disagreed with the party principles and pursued Sarvodey and Lokniti.

On April 19, 1954, Narayan Ji announced in Gaya that he was dedicating his life to Vinoba Bhave’s Sarvodaya movement and its Bhoodan campaign, which promoted distributing land to Harijans. He gave up his land, set up an ashram in Hazaribagh, and worked towards uplifting the village. In 1957, Narayan Ji formally broke with the Praja Socialist Party to pursue lokniti [Polity of the people], as opposed to rajniti [Polity of the state]. By this time, Narayan Ji had become convinced that lokniti should be non-partisan to build a consensus-based, classless, participatory democracy which he termed Sarvodaya. Narayan Ji became an important figure in the India-wide network of Gandhian Sarvodaya workers.

In 1964, Narayan Ji was vilified across the political spectrum for arguing in an article in the Hindustan Times that India had a responsibility to keep its promise to allow self-determination to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. He hit back at critics in a second article, dismissing the Indian version of the “domino theory” which held that the rest of India’s states would disintegrate if Kashmir were allowed its promised freedom. In his graceful if old-fashioned style, Narayan Ji ridiculed the premise that “the states of India are held together by force and not by the sentiment of a common nationality. It is an assumption that makes a mockery of the Indian Nation and a tyrant of the Indian State”.

Narayan Ji returned to prominence in State politics in the late 1960s. In 1974, he led the student’s movement in the state of Bihar which gradually developed into a popular people’s movement known as the Bihar movement. It was during this movement that JP gave a call for peaceful Total Revolution Together with V. M. Tarkunde, he founded the Citizens for Democracy in 1974 and the People’s Union for Civil Liberties in 1976, both NGOs, to uphold and defend civil liberties.

When Indira Gandhi was found guilty of violating electoral laws by the Allahabad High Court, Narayan Ji called for Indira to resign, and advocated a program of social transformation which he termed Sampoorna kraanti [Total Revolution]. Instead she proclaimed a national Emergency on the midnight of June 25, 1975, immediately after Narayan Ji had called for the PM’s resignation and had asked the military and the police to disregard unconstitutional and immoral orders; JP, opposition leaders, and dissenting members of her own party (the ‘Young Turks’) were arrested on that day.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji attracted a gathering of 100,000 people at the Ramlila Ground and thunderously recited Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar”s wonderfully evocative poetry: Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai.

Narayan Ji was kept as detenu at Chandigarh even after he had asked for a month’s parole for mobilising relief in areas of Bihar gravely affected by flood. His health suddenly deteriorated on October 24, and he was released on November 12; diagnosis at Jaslok Hospital, Bombay, revealed kidney failure; he would be on dialysis for the rest of his life. After Indira revoked the emergency on January 18, 1977 and announced elections, it was under JP’s guidance that the Janata Party (a vehicle for the broad spectrum of the anti-Indira Gandhi opposition) was formed. The Janata Party was voted into power, and became the first non-Congress party to form a government at the Centre. On the call of Narayan Ji many youngesters joined the J P movement.

Jayaprakash Narayan Ji died on 8 October 1979; but a few months before that, in March 1979, his death was erroneously announced by the Indian prime minister to the parliament as he lay fighting for his life in Jaslok Hospital, causing a brief wave of national mourning, including the suspension of parliament and regular radio broadcasting, and closure of schools and shops. When he was told about the gaffe a few weeks later, he smiled.

He’s awarded by: Bharat Ratna, 1999, Rashtrabhushan Award of FIE Foundation, Ichalkaranji

Mr Nitish Kumar’s China Visit Will Boost State’s Agriculture, Industrial Infrastructure, Irrigation System & Tourism

11 Jun
The ruins of Nalanda University in India where...

Image via Wikipedia

As we aware, our chief minister Mr Nitish Kumar will undertake a ‘goodwill’ visit to China from June 12.

Officials said that during his visit in China Mr Kumar would visit power plants, besides looking into its agriculture and irrigation systems. Mr Kumar would also inaugurate a seminar on ‘Budhhism: Mapping Asia’s History and Culture’ in Beijing on June 18 and attend a programme which is organized by Indian origin citizens in his honour in Shanghai. He would also visit Sandong and take a trip to the Great Wall of China, the officials said. Chinese sources said, had been impressed by the rapid economic growth of Bihar and has shown deep interest in making investments in Bihar.

Chinese Ambassador to India Zhang Yan during his Bihar visit in January had appreciated Mr Kumar for his efforts and announced coöperation with the state in developing agriculture and industrial infrastructure and reconstruct the ancient Nalanda University as part of the China-India Exchange this year. Consul General of China in Kolkata Zhang Lizhong too was expected to lead a Chinese delegation to Bihar to boost trade and industrial tie-ups, the officials said.

Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’

9 Jun

Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ (September 23, 1908– April 24, 1974) was born in a poor Bhumihar Brahmin family in Simariya village, in the Begusarai district of Bihar. As a student, his favorite subjects were history, politics and philosophy. He studied Hindi, Sanskrit, Maithili, Bengali, Urdu and English literature. Dinkar was greatly influenced by Iqbal, Rabindranath Tagore, Keats and Milton. He translated works of Rabindranath Tagore from Bangla to Hindi.

His works are mostly of ‘Veer Rasa’, or the ‘brave mode’, although Urvashi is an exception to this. Some of his greatest works are Rashmirathi and Parashuram ki Prateeksha. He is hailed as the greatest Hindi poet of ‘Veer Rasa’ since Bhushan. Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi wrote that he was very popular among people whose mother-tongue was not Hindi and he was a symbol of love for one’s own mother-tongue. Harivansh Rai Bachchan wrote that for his proper respect he should get four Gyanpith Awards – for poetry, prose, languages and for his service to Hindi. Rambriksh Benipuri wrote that Dinkar is giving voice to the revolutionary movement in the country. Namvar Singh wrote that he was really the sun of his age. Hindi writer Rajendra Yadav, whose novel ‘Sara Akash’ also carried a few lines of Dinkar’s poetry, has said of him He was always very inspiring to read. His poetry was about reawakening. He often delved into Hindu mythology and referred to heroes of epics such as Karna. He was a poet of anti-imperialism and nationalism, says well-known Hindi writer Kashinath Singh. He also wrote social and political satires for socio-economic inequalities and exploitation of the underprivileged. A progressive and humanist poet, he chose to approach history and reality directly and his verse combined oratorical vigour with a declamatory diction. The theme of Urvashi revolves round love, passion, and relationship of man and woman on a spiritual plane, distinct from their earthly relationship. His Kurukshetra is a narrative poem based on the Santi Parva of the Mahabharata. It was written at a time when the memories of the Second World War were fresh in the mind of the poet. Krishna Ki Chaetavani is another poem composed on events that led to the Kurukshetra war in the Mahabharata. His Samdheni is a collection of poems reflecting the poet’s social concern transcending the boundaries of the nation. In his Sanskiti ke Chaar Adhyay he said that despite various cultures, languages and topography, India stands united, because however different we may be, our thoughts are the same.

He received awards from Kashi Nagri Pracharini Sabha, Uttar Pradesh Government and an award by the Government of India for his epic-poem Kurukshetra. He got the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1959 for his work Sanskriti ke Char Adhyay. He was also a recipient of Padma Bhushan in 1959 by the Government of India. He was awarded the LLD degree by Bhagalpur University. He was felicitated as Vidyavachaspati by Gurukul Mahavidyalaya. He was felicitated as Sahitya-Chudamaniby Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur on 8 November 1968. Dinkar was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1972 for Urvashi. He also became a nominated member of the Rajya Sabha, in 1952.

On September 30, 1987, to mark his 79th birth anniversary tributes were paid to him by the then President of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma. In 1999, Dinkar was one of the Hindi writers featured on a set of commemorative postal stamps released by Government of India to celebrate the “Linguistic Harmony of India.” marking the 50th anniversary since the Indian Union adopted Hindi as its official language. The government released a book on Dinkar’s birth centenary authored by Khagendra Thakur. At the same time a statue of him was unveiled in Patna at the Dinkar Chowk, and a two-day national seminar was organised in Calicut University.

Prakash Jha (Filmmaker, Producer & Social Worker)

2 Jun

LeadBihar-director-prakash-jhaPrakash Jha was born and raised at his family’s farm in Bettiah, West Champaran, Bihar, India. He did his schooling from Sainik School Tilaya, Koderma district and Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 1, Bokaro Steel City. Later, he joined Ramjas College, Delhi University to do B.Sc (Hons) in Physics; though he left studies after one year and decided to go to Bombay and become a painter, though while he was preparing for J.J. School of Arts, he happen to witness the shooting film Dharma and got hooked on to filmmaking.
Soon he joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune in 1973, to do a course in Editing, though midway through it, the institution was closed for while, due to student agitation, so he came to Bombay, and started working, and never went back to complete the course.
While still midway through his course, he started working on films independently, in 1974 and made his first documentary, ‘Under the Blue’ in 1975, and continued to do so for next 8 years. During this period he made some highly politically charged documentaries, like the one of ‘Bihar Sharif riots’, titled, Faces After Storm (1984), which received considerable attention, as it was banned within 4–5 days of its released though later it won the National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film for the year.
Finally, he made his debut, as a feature film director, Hip Hip Hurray in 1983, scripted by Gulzar and starring, Raj Kiran and Deepti Naval as leads. Next came, the film he received most recognition with, Damul (1984), which won the National Film Award for Best Film and the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie in 1985. The film was based on the bonded labour issue in Bihar. In 1986, he directed, Parinati, based on the story by Vijaydan Detha.
Over the years he has made over 25 documentaries, nine feature films, two television features and three television series. His last film, Raajneeti, which was a contemporary take on the epic, Mahabharat, starring Ajay Devgan, Manoj Bajpai, Naseeruddin Shah, Katrina Kaif, Arjun Rampal, Nana Patekar and Ranbir Kapoor was a critical and box office success.His forhcoming film is Aarakshan which stars Amitabh Bachchan, Saif Ali Khan Deepika Padukone and Prateik Babbar.
Prakash Jha fought and lost election to the Lok Sabha from his native Champaran in 2004. He again lost election to the Lok Sabha in 2009 as Lok Janashakti Party candidate from West Champaran.
For the last five years Prakash Jha has been seriously involved with development initiatives in Bihar. He has been spearheading growth in infrastructure, health care and vocational training facilities in the state through the NGO Anubhooti.
Prakash Jha is the chairman of Anubhooti, a registered society that has been working for cultural development , improvement of health care, disaster management and the upliftment of farmers and socio-economic backward people in Bihar since 1991.
Most recently, the organization has been working for flood survivors. After the Kosi flood on 18th August, 2008, Anubhooti has provided complete relief to 6000 people since September 2008. Anubhooti has created a model village, Hindolwa village, for the flood affected and is working towards their complete rehabilitation.

Nitish Kumar (Chief Minister of Bihar)

31 May

Nitish Kumar was born on 1 March 1951 in Bakhtiarpur, Bihar to Kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh and Parmeshwari Devi. His father was a freedom fighter and was close to the great Gandhian Bihar Vibhuti Anugrah Narayan Sinha, one of the founders of modern Bihar. His nickname is ‘Munna’. He is a teetotaler, does not smoke, and is a frugal eater. He has a degree in electrical engineering from the Bihar College of Engineering, Patna now NIT Patna, On February 22, 1973. Nitish Kumar married Manju Kumari Sinha, a teacher by profession. They have a son, Nishant, who is a graduate of BIT, Mesra. His wife died in 2007 at the age of 53.

Nitish Kumar participated in Jayaprakash Narayan’s movement between 1974 and 1977, and was close to Satyendra Narayan Sinha, a prominent leader of the time. He was first elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1985 as an independent candidate. In 1987, he became the President of the Yuva Lok Dal In 1989. In 1989, Nitish Kumar was appointed as the Union Minister of State for Agriculture in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh. In 1991, he was re-elected to the Lok Sabha and became General Secretary of the Janata Dal at the national level and the Deputy Leader of Janata Dal in the Parliament. He represented Barh parliamentary constituency in the Lok Sabha between 1989 and 2004. He briefly served as the Union Cabinet Minister for Railways and Minister for Surface Transport and then as the Minister for Agriculture in 1998-99. In August 1999, he resigned following the Gaisal train disaster. As the Railways Minister he did remarkable job and implemented great ideas. He is the man who made lives of rail travellers easy by introducing internet ticket booking facility as well as opened record number of railway ticket booking counters. He introduced revolutionary tatkal scheme for instant booking. It is widely believed that he is the actual man behind turning otherwise bankrupt Indian railways into one of the most profit making department through his policies which were implemented and maintained by rail minister after him, Mr Lalu Yadav. Nitish Kumar is arguably the best Railways Ministers India has ever got. Later that year, he rejoined the Union Cabinet as Minister for Agriculture. From 2001 to May 2004, he served as the Union Cabinet Minister for Railways in the NDA Government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections he contested elections from two constituencies, Barh and Nalanda. He was elected from Nalanda but lost from his traditional constituency, Barh. He was the leader of the Janata Dal (United) Parliamentary Party in the Lok Sabha.

As a Chief Minister of Bihar 1st Time (March 3, 2000 – March 10, 2000) On March 3, 2000, Nitish Kumar was appointed the Chief Minister of Bihar, but he resigned seven days later because failed to prove majority. 2nd Time (November 24th 2005 – November 24th 2010) In November 2005, he led the National Democratic Alliance to victory in the 2005 Bihar assembly elections bringing an end to the 15-year rule of the Lalu Prasad Yadav-led Rashtriya Janata Dal. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Bihar on 24 November 2005. Under his government, Bihar developed an electronic version of the Right to Information Act. In addition, he launched the E-shakti NREGS program, by which rural people can get employment information by telephone. He is credited with improving infrastructure, and reducing crime, widely felt to be serious problems in the state. Under his governance Bihar has had a record number of Criminal prosecutions through fast track courts. His government initiated a mandatory weekly meeting with all District Magistrates to monitor progress at the grassroot level. His government has generated employment in police services and teaching. Bihar recorded record construction work during his five year mandate, surpassing the national average. Nitish Kumar government also initiated bicycle and meal programs – the government gave bicycles to girls who stayed in school – which saw Bihar getting huge number of girls into schools and fall in school drop out rates. Women and extremely backward castes were given 50% reservation in electorals for the first time ever in India. Health schemes were launched to improve village hospitals and the free medicine distribution system. Loan schemes for farmers were improved by involving national banks. The state witnessed steep hike in GSDP growth, the second highest in the country. Bihar was recorded as the highest tax payer state in eastern India. Dr. Abdul Kalam, former President of India and Nitish Kumar initiated the Nalanda International University project, headed by the Prime Minister of India. In 2010, Nitish Kumar’s party swept back to power along with its ally Bharatiya Janata Party. On 26 November 2010, Nitish Kumar took oath as a Chief Minister of Bihar. This is his second consecutive term as Chief Minister of Bihar. 3rd Time (November 26th 2010 – Till Now) In a keenly fought contest, Nitish Kumar led JDU-BJP combine won with four-fifth majority. NDA won 206 seats while RJD won 22 seats. No party there has won enough seats to represent the opposition in the state assembly, which requires at least 25 seats to become eligible to represent the main opposition party. For the first time electorates witnessed high turnout of women and young voters, while this election has been rated as the fairest Bihari election, with no bloodshed or poll violence.

In politics he is a politician who was the 29th and 31st and is now the 32nd Chief Minister of Bihar, He leads the Janata Dal (United) party. As the Chief Minister, he has gained popularity by initiating a series of developmental and constructive activities including building of long-delayed bridges, re-laying roads that had ceased to exist, appointing over 100,000 school teachers, ensuring that doctors worked in primary health centers, and keeping crime in check.

He is Awarded by

• NDTV Indian of the Year – Politics, 2010

• Forbes “India’s Person of the Year”, 2010

• CNN-IBN “Indian of the Year Award” – Politics, 2010

• NDTV Indian of the year – Politics, 2009

• Economics Times “Business reformer of the Year 2009”

• ‘Polio Eradication Championship Award’ 2009, by Rotary Internationals

• CNN-IBN Great Indian of the Year – Politics, 2008

• The Best Chief Minister, according to the CNN-IBN and HT State of the Nation Poll 2007